• Legal aid in Europe - Nine different ways to guarantee access to justice?

      Barendrecht, M.; Kistemaker, L.; Scholten, H.J.; Schrader, R.; Wrzesinka, M. (Hague Institute for the Internationalisation of Law (HIIL), 2014)
      This is a comparative research about legal aid in nine countries: France, Germany, Belgium, England & Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Poland, Finland and the Netherlands. This report addresses two questions:How are state-financed legal aid systems organised in these countries?Which minimum requirements for state-financed legal aid can be reduced from the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR) and from case law of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR)? CONTENT: 1. Comparing legal aid systems 2. Components of the legal aid system 3. Costs and financing of legal aid 4. Legal aid per type of problem 5. General trends in innovation and reforms 6. ECHR case law 7. Findings and trends